Postdate: 14 July 2016
Nutrients can be divided into micronutrients and macronutrients. Macro (large) nutrients are the main ingredients of food products, such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, fluids, and alcohol. Micro (small) nutrients are mainly vitamins and minerals. By classifying the food you want to eat daily in this way, you are mostly focusing on the contents.
Micros and macros
By purely looking at micros and macros, there is basically no food product that you cannot eat, as long as your macros and micros are balanced. Eating and drinking provide you with the energy your body needs in order to function and move. You will keep your weight when there is a balance between the amount of energy taken from food and drinks and the amount of energy your body uses. In short: you need to burn what you eat. The building up of muscle mass, for example, is not taken into account: it is all about the calories. When you have a healthy eating pattern, it is not bad to eat something with less nutritional value, as long as the total number of calories is balanced.
Healthy and varied
It largely depends on yourself whether your energy balance is right. The danger lies in eating too much of a certain food product. This is why you need to keep a close eye on the macros, as we tend to forget about the micros when we make flexible food choices. A daily calorie count can be distinguished for each body type, which results in a loss or increase or weight. Just eating natural and fresh products does not mean that you will automatically lose weight, even though the quality of the food still matters. Thus, it is advisable to eat as healthy and varied as possible. You can use a guideline of 80% healthy and 20% less healthy options.
You decide how much you eat and how active you are. If you are not that active, you use less energy than when you are more active. The building up of muscle mass, for example, is not taken into account: it is all about the calories. When you have a healthy eating pattern, it is not bad to eat something with less nutritional value, as long as the total number of calories is balanced.
The key word is 'balance'